Federal Law for Protection and Development of the Environment

    United Arab Emirates

    Federal Law for Protection and Development of the Environment

    The United Arab Emirates’ Federal Law No. 24 for 1999 for Protection and Development of the Environment (‘the Environmental Law’) provides for the key framework in relation to the protection and development of the environment, including regarding environmental impact assessments and environmental monitoring. 

    Last Updated: July 30, 2019

  • Requirements

    The Environmental Law prohibits: 

    • any intentional disposal of pollutants or wastes from ships, aircraft or any other means into the marine environment; and 
    • any deliberate dumping from ships or industrial installations or other means into the marine environment.

    In addition, the Environmental Law provides that the Federal Environmental Agency (‘the Agency’), in consultation and coordination with the competent authorities and pertinent bodies, shall set the standards, specifications, principles and regulations for the environmental assessment of the projects and establishments applying for licenses. It shall specifically undertake the following: 

    • the identification of the categories of projects which may cause environmental damages due to their nature; 
    • the identification of environmentally important or sensible areas and locations (historical and archeological locations, wet lands, coral reefs, natural reserves, public parks, etc.); and  
    • the identification of natural reserves and environmental problems of special importance. 

    Further to the above, the Environmental Law provides that the Agency shall assess the environmental effect of the project or construction applying for a license. The project or construction may not launch its activities prior to the obtainment of the license aforementioned in the previous article including the environmental effect assessment. 

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