Act on Occupational Health and Safety

    Turkey

    Act on Occupational Health and Safety

    The Act. No. 6331 on Occupational Health and Safety (‘the Act’) regulates several duties of employers to employees, to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, occupational health and safety at workplaces to improve existing health and safety conditions.  

    Last Updated: July 30, 2019


  • Requirements

    Under Article 4 of the Act, it is the duty of every employer to ensure the health and safety of workers in every aspect related to work.  

    Article 5 of the Act provides that an employer shall fulfil responsibilities for health and safety taking into account the following principles, avoiding risks, evaluating the risks that cannot be avoided, combating the risks at the source and adapting the work to the individual, adapting to technical progress, replacing the dangerous, developing a coherent prevention policy, giving collective protective measures priority over individual protective measures and giving appropriate instructions to workers. 

    In addition, Article 10 of the Act states that an employer is required to conduct a risk assessmenin relation to risks to health and safety or have one carried out, and under Article 14, an employer is required to required to record and notify of occupational accidents and diseases.

    Under Article 22, an employer is required to set up an occupational health and safety committee in enterprises where a minimum of 50 employees and employed and work is performed for more than 6 months. Employers are under the obligation to enforce the decisions of the occupational health and safety committees taken in accordance with the legislation on occupation al health and safety. 

    Employers may be liable for fines with the size of the fine depending on the severity of the violations. 

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