Occupational Safety, Health and Environment Act


    Occupational Safety, Health and Environment Act

    The Occupational Safety, Health and Environment Act 2011 (OSHEA’)The aim of this act is to reduce occupational hazards in the workplace and prevent work-related morbidity and mortality. This Act created administrative offices at the central administration, regional provincial administration, and local government administration levels to promote safe and hygienic work conditions and prevent physical and workrelated conditions. 

    Last Updated: July 30, 2019

  • Requirements

    The OSHEA establishes the requirement for employers to administer, to manage and operate in strict compliance with the standards stipulated in the Ministerial Regulations. The OSHEA applies to among others, employers, employees and subcontractors. 

    The standards under the Regulations include: 

    Hazardous Chemicals  

    • If an employer utilizes hazardous chemicals in their workplace then they are required to provide lists and details of such chemicals to the Director-General of the Department of Labour Protection and Welfare.
    • Employers must notify the local labour office within seven days that the employer takes possession of hazardous chemicals.
    • An employer must also provide their employees with a safe work place and relevant knowledge concerning how to safely work and handle such dangerous chemicals.
    • An employer must keep, control, manage, dispose, and control such hazardous chemicals to ensure the safety & welfare of their employees. 

    Fire Safety & Prevention  

    • Provide a fire prevention and control system in the workplace.
    • Provide fire prevention and evacuation training to staff.
    • Provide fire evacuation signage in the workplace.
    • Provide a fire escape routes for each building (workplace) (2 routes per floor).
    • Provide adequate firefighting equipment to control fires in the workplace (such as fire extinguishers or fire hoses etc). 

    The OSHEA also sets out various duties for employers and employees: 

    Duty of Employer 

    To provide and keep an employee in a safe and hygienic work environment including to support and to prevent the employee from harm on life, physique and health. 

    Safety Inspector

    The OSHEA establishes provisions for the duties of the safety inspector:  

    • to enter an establishment or office of an employer during working hours or when there is an incident;  
    • to inspect or make recording of images and sound on working conditions concerning occupational safety, health and environment;  
    • to use tools to measure or inspect machinery or equipment in the establishment;  
    • to collect any sample materials or products for analysis concerning safety; and 
    • to enquire about facts or investigate any matters within the scope of power and to summon people concerned for clarification including to inspect or request for submission of relevant evidence document and to expeditiously propose to the Director General measures to prevent danger.

    The Occupational Safety, Health and Environment Fund is established to be used as an expenditure fund for operations regarding occupational safety, health and environment under the OSHEA. In addition, the OSHEA establishes the Occupational Safety, Health and Environment Promotion Institute which promotes and resolves problems concerning occupational safety. Furthermore, the Occupational Safety, Health and Environment Committee is established under the OSHEA with various powers, including submitting of recommendations to the Minister concerning policies, work plans or occupational safety. 


    If the safety inspector finds evidence that any employer or employee has violated the OSHEA provisions, they shall have the power to order such person to stop the violation and to take act to rectify the situation within 30 days.  

    If an Employer fails to comply with the abovementioned standards they could be subject to imprisonment of not more than one year or a fine not exceeding TBH 400,000 (approx. €11,560) or both. 

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