Workplace Safety and Health Act

    Singapore

    Workplace Safety and Health Act

    The Workplace Safety and Health Act (Chapter 354A) WSH establishes responsibilities for employers, principals, occupiers, manufacturers and suppliers, installers of machinery, employees and self-employed persons to create a strong safety culture in workplaces.

    Last Updated: July 30, 2019


  • Requirements

    Part IV of the WHSA outlines the duties of different persons at the workplace as far as is reasonably practicable: 

    • an occupier (person who holds the certification of registration of the workplace) must ensure that the workplace, access to the workplace, and any machinery or equipment kept at the workplace are safe and without risks to the health of every person within the premises, whether or not the person is at work or is an employee of the occupier; 
    • an employer must provide a safe work environment for persons at work, ensure adequate safety measures are taken in respect of machinery or other equipment, ensure that persons at work are not exposed to hazards arising from use of things in their workplace or near the workplace and under the control of the employer, develop procedures for dealing with emergencies, ensure that persons at work have adequate training, information and supervision necessary for them to perform their work; 
    • a principal (person who engages any other person otherwise than under a contract of service to supply labour or do work for gain or reward) must take measures to ensure the safety or health of any contractor engaged by the principal when at work, any direct or indirect subcontractor engaged by the contractor when at work, as well as any employee of such contractor or subcontractor when at work. 

    Section 14 of the WHSA also requires principals to take reasonably practicable measures to ensure that their contractors have the necessary expertise to carry out the workhave conducted a health and safety risk assessment, and have informed any persons who may be affected by the work of the nature of risk involved in the work, as well as of any measures or safe work procedure implemented at the workplace. Section 14(4) states that, for this requirement, a clause in the contract alone is not sufficient  

    The Ministry of Manpower has issued guidance on the WHSA. 

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