Prevention of Corruption Act
Under Section 2 of the PCA a gratification (bribe) includes gifts and loans with monetary value; employment, office or contract; discharge or liquidation of a loan or other obligation, whether partly or in full; any other service, favour or advantage of any description whatsoever, including protection from a penalty; and any offer, undertaking or promise of any gratification.
Under Section 5 of the PCA, a person commits a corruption offence if he/she individually or in conjunction with other persons corruptly solicit or receive, or agree to receive for himself/herself, or for any other person, or corruptly give, promise or offer to any person whether for the benefit of that person or of another person, any gratification as an inducement to or a reward for, or otherwise on account of any person doing or forbearing to do anything in respect of any matter or transaction whatsoever, actual or proposed.
Section 6 of the PCA governs corrupt transactions with agents i.e. any person employed by or acting for another. Section 6 states that a corruption offence is committed if:
- an agent accepts, obtains or attempts to obtain any gratification for himself or for another for doing or forbearing to do or having done any act in relation to his principal’s affairs or business;
- a person corruptly gives or agrees to give any gratification to an agent for doing, forbearing to do, or having done any act in relation to his principal’s affairs or business; or
- a person knowingly gives to an agent, or if an agent knowingly uses with intent to deceive his principal any receipt, account, or other document in respect of which the principal is interested and which contains any statement which is false or erroneous or defective in any material particular, and which to his knowledge is intended to mislead the principal
Under Sections 5 and 6 of the PCA, a person found guilty of an offence shall be liable for a fine not exceeding SGD 100,000 (€65,600), imprisonment of up to five years, or both.
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Prevention of Corruption Act
The Prevention of Corruption Act (Chapter 241) (‘PCA‘), which applies to public or private sector individuals as well as members of the public, governs anti-corruption and bribery in Singapore. In particular, the PCA constitutes a very broad definition of bribe, outlines the penalties for corruption, and empowers the Corrupt Practices Investigation Bureau (‘CPIB’) for enforcement.
Last Updated: July 30, 2019
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