Planning and Building Law

    Middle East

    Planning and Building Law

    The Israeli Planning and Building Law, 5725-1965 (‘the Building Law’) regulates building activities and established the National Board for Planning and Building which advises the Government as to everything relating to the general policy in the implementation of the law. 

    Last Updated: July 30, 2019


  • Requirements

    Article 145(a) of the Building Law highlights that an individual shall not begin to carry out the construction and closing of a road, the erection, demolition of a whole or the part of a building, and the local commission shall not grant such permit unless the work is applied for in conformity with any of the following schemes: 

    • local outline scheme; 
    • district outline scheme; and 
    • national outline scheme. 

    Article 160 of the Building Law outlines that in order to apply a defence installation permit the following provisions must be applied: 

    • the power to grant the permit shall vest in a sub-commission of the District Commission, consisting of three members of the District Commission; 
    • two members of the Defence Installation Commission shall be appointed by the Minster of the Interior in consultation with the Minster of Defence and the representative of the Minster of Defence on the District Commission shall be the third member; 
    • the application for a permit shall contain only particulars as to the location of the site of the defence installation and a specification of the restrictions intended to be imposed on any other person in consequence of the establishment of the installation, and shall be accompanied by a plan of the site; and 
    • the Defence Installations Commission shall, on its demand, be notified of the kind of general purpose for which the installation is intended. 

    Article 195 of the Banking Law stipulates that any property acquired by agreement, or expropriated against compensation, in the implementation of any of the outlined schemes, shall be subject to leasing to a public body or other person for the purpose to which it is assigned in the schemes, provided that the Minster of the Interior, in consultation with the District Commission has approved the lease. The aforesaid property may be sold, leased or otherwise disposed of, provided that the person from who it was acquired or his/her successor, has been given notice that he/she may purchase it, within 30 days at a price not exceeding the price at which it was acquired from him/her plus the amount of any appreciation resulting from any of the schemes.  

    Article 214 of the Banking Law highlights that an individual who provides false or misleading information to a planning agency, local authority or to any of the employees of either institutions, with the intent to ensure the approval or rejection of any of the aforementioned schemes, shall be liable to six mounts of imprisonment or to a fine of ILS 2,500 (approx. 635). 

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