Act on the Assessment of Environmental Impacts

    Germany

    Act on the Assessment of Environmental Impacts

    The Act on the Assessment of Environmental Impacts (UVPG) (only available in German here) defines Environmental Impact Assessments (UVPand Strategic Environmental Assessments (SUPand outlines what kinds of projects and activities will require such assessments.  

    Last Updated: July 30, 2019


  • Requirements

    In particular, the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMU) has issued guidance on UVPs and SUPs (the Guidance).  

    In particular, the UVPG highlights that both UVPs and SUPs are conducted by environmental authorities. However, the Guidance notes that SUPs are conducted at the planning stage of a project or construction and must be carried out for each important planning procedure that affects the environment, such as federal transport infrastructure planning, regional and area development planning, or planning in the fields of water and waste management, air quality management and noise protection. 

    Furthermore, the Guidance states that UVPs determine and describe in a report what impact a project will have on humans (including human health), on animals, plants, biodiversity, soil, water, ambient air, the climate, the landscape and cultural goods. The public and specialist authorities, as well as citizens and authorities in neighbouring countries that may be affected, may express comments and opinions on the report. The authority responsible for approving a project is tasked with evaluating the information and comments and with taking account of the results of the UVP when deciding whether to approve a project. 

    In addition, Section 6 (69) of the UVPG notes that administrative fines for breach of the same can range from 20,000 to 50,000. 

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